Serum Omentin-1 Concentrations are Significantly and Independently related to Carotid Intima:Media Thickness in Postmenopausal Saudi Women
Purpose: Cytokines and hormones derived from adipose tissue are implicated in bone metabolism and atherogenesis. There is little data on the relationship between serum omentin-1 and vascular disease.Ã‚Â We aimed to investigate the relationship between levels of serum omentin-1 in Saudi postmenopausal females with and without subclinical atherosclerosis.
Methods: 126 postmenopausal women were recruited from the King Abdulaziz University Hospital in a case-control study design. Measurements were made of clinical biomarkers, including carotid intima: media thickness (CIMT) for all subjects.
Results: Serum omentin-1 levels were higher amongst postmenopausal women with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis than their age-matched controls (p<0.05). Only body weight and mean CIMT were shown to be independent predictors of serum omentin-1 levels by explaining 10.6% of the total variance according to the multiple regression model.
Conclusion: Serum omentin-1 levels are higher in postmenopausal women with evidence of early carotid atherosclerosis as assessed by CIMT and negatively associated with body weight.