Vol. 3 No. 1 (2020): Articles in Press
Review Article

A Review of Integrative Approaches for Anxiety in Children and Adolescents

Bernstein B
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA & Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Bernstein H
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA
Davis J
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA
Kokinda S
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA
Pantle N
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA
Pelle A
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia Campus, 4190 City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19131, USA
Published February 11, 2020

Abstract

Untreated pediatric and adolescent anxiety can place youth at higher risk of substance misuse, potentially poorer school performance and social isolation. 

Although effective treatments for anxiety include traditional pharmacotherapies and Psychotherapies (serotonin reuptake inhibitors, benzodiazepines, hydroxyzine, cognitive behavior therapy, exposure therapy, desensitization), undesirable side effects, cost or availability can be a barrier to treatment access. Typical side effects of pharmacotherapy (dependence, somnolence, weight gain) play a role in the reluctance of many youth and families to embrace medication treatment for anxiety symptoms.

This article will discuss complementary and integrative treatments (Acupuncture, Mindfulness, Emotional Freedom Technique, Video Gaming, Yoga, Music Therapy, Video Games, Passion Flower, Vitamin C and Micronutrients) that have the potential to be safe, effective and accessible treatments for youth with anxiety.

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