Accidental Hijab Pin Ingestion: 10 Years Experience from a Tertiary Care Centre
- Muslim women,
- Foreign body
Copyright (c) 2018 Abu Freha et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Background and Aim: Hijab pins ingestion is increasing. Some women hold the pin between their teeth while arranging the Hijab and the inadvertent ingestion of the pin can be the result of any careless movements. The aims of our study were to investigate the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent endoscopic pin removal via gastroscopy as opposed to patients who were treated conservatively with clinical observation, and to compare clinical and endoscopic data pertaining to patients who underwent early versus late gastroscopy.
Methods: Muslim women hospitalized in a tertiary hospital from 2005-2015 due to ingestion of Hijab pin ingestion were included. Patients who underwent gastroscopy during 12 hours from the time of admission to Emergency Room (ER) were included in the “early” gastroscopy group, while endoscopy performed at a later time defined the “late” gastroscopy group.
Results: During the study period 37 women were included. Twenty four patients (65%, mean age 20 ± 8.9) underwent gastroscopy; and thirteen (35%, mean age 19.9 ± 1.6) were hospitalized for observation. Six patients (25%) had normal gastroscopy; by 8 patients (33%) the pin was located in the antrum, 6 (25%) body, 2 (8.3%) and 1 (4.1%) in the duodenum. Fifteen patients underwent early gastroscopy and nine underwent late gastroscopy. The Duration of hospitalization was significantly shorter among patients who underwent early gastroscopy 1-day (1, 1) median, (IQR) compared with 2 days (1, 3) p < 0.02. Severe complications were found in one patient (2.7%) with stomach perforation which required surgery.
Conclusion: Most pins will pass spontaneously, however severe complication may arise inadvertent Hijab pin ingestion. Early gastroscopy shortens the hospital stay.