Poster The Diet in Weight Loss in Obese Children
Introduction: Obesity in children is a chronic pathology that is defined as excess fat "in an amount that is hazardous to health".In recent decades it has beenseen a worrying rise in obesity among both adults and the children in, and the morbidity andmortality associated with obesity has reached alarming levels. Complications and comorbidities which confirmed obesity as ametabolic disease chronic are: metabolic complications (insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, metabolic syndrome),cardiovascular disease (atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, thromboembolism), digestive complications (gallstones, fattyliver), orthopedic disorders and psychological consequences.The aim of this study is assessing the effectiveness of the diet for weight loss in children.
Material and Methods: The study included 100 obese children, aged 6-18 years (mean age: 12.47 ± 2.458) with BMI> 95thpercentile, ratio girls: boys was 1: 2.The children were divided into 2 groups.The first one the children that respected a diet withlow calories intake and the second group the children that avoided the consumption of dairy and wheat products. The childrenwere followed during 6 months.
Results: The first month the weight loss of the first group was~3,5% of the initial weight. The second group the weight losswas~4,5% of the initial weight. The next 5 months we observed that the children that avoided dairy and wheat productscontinued to lose weight and improve their general state, comparative with the children that consuming low calories diet, mostof them abandoned the diet.
Conclusion: The diet, consisting of avoiding dairy and wheat products, offers good results and lasting effect.