Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Current Issue
Research Article

Examination of Factors Influencing the Success Rates of an In Vitro Chemosensitivity Test for Lung Cancer Using Collagen Gel Droplet-Embedded Cultures

Takahara Y
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University
Kawasaki Y
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan
Kato R
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan
Shinomiya S
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan
Oikawa T
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan
Mizuno S
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan
Published December 12, 2019

Abstract

Objective: We evaluated the success rates and factors influencing the success rates of the Collagen Gel Droplet-Embedded Culture Drug Sensitivity Test (CD-DST) for pleural effusate in lung cancer patients with carcinomatous pleurisy.
Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients with lung cancer having carcinomatous pleurisy were enrolled in this study between January 2014 and May 2017. Their pleural effusions were analysed by CD-DST, and the subjects were classified into two groups: successful cases and unsuccessful cases, based on whether the test was able to successfully determine drug sensitivity. We investigated whether the properties of the pleural effusate might influence the success rate of CD-DST. We observed that the CD-DST tended to have good success rates in patients with higher pH, higher percentage of lymphocytes, higher cell counts, and lower percentage of neutrophils in their pleural effusate. The red blood cell count was higher in the effusate of unsuccessful than successful cases.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the diagnostic success rates of CD-DST for pleural effusion from patients with lung cancer might improve by appropriate sample selection.