Vol 1 No 1 (2015)
Research Article

A Comparison between a Paper Dietary Questionnaire and Web-based Dietary Questionnaire in the 4th Grade Student’s Elementary Students

Ying H Gao-Balch
Department of Human Science, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff, Arkansas
Published May 1, 2015


Paper-based Dietary Assessment questionnaire and Web-Based Dietary Assessment Questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. But it is not known how reported food intakes by children using a Web-based version of a food frequency questionnaire compare on a paper-based version of the same questionnaire. This research used data that was collected from same the group of pre-adolescents. Using two versions of the same food frequency questionnaire, this analysis compares differences in reported intake between the two versions of instruments. This research provides a comparison of dietary eat patterns between a paper-based dietary questionnaire and a web-based of the same dietary questionnaire at elementary school of the 4th grade students. A comparison two assessment dada was assessed by comparing food items selected on the questionnaire with food items reported from a single 24-hour recall covering the same reference period. To identify and describe the major dietary eating patterns in the WT Cheney Elementary School and South Wood Elementary of the 4th grade students in Pine Bluff Arkansas. Fourth-grade student volunteers (N=87). The two dietary questionnaires of the instrument were first compared for all participants using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with the instruments as the grouping variable. Multiple regression analysis and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was also used to determine differences between instrument versions while controlling for differences related to participant. The mean weekly reported servings did not vary significantly between the two paper dietary questionnaires and web-based dietary questionnaire of the questionnaire. However, the web-based questionnaire produced lower intake estimates (after adjustment for between-school differences) for all of the food groupings. In summary, while the use of technology did not resolve reporting issues that are well known with children and the paper dietary assessment instrument questionnaire method, the potential advantages offered by technology-based methods merit continued exploration in future studies.