2nd World Congress and Expo on Nanotechnology and Material Science April 04-06, 2016 at Dubai, UAE
Conference Proceedings

Oral Interfacial Lithium Storage in Graphene/Metal Oxide and Sulphide

Enzuo Liu
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, P.R. China and Collaborative Innovation Centre of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin 300350, P.R. China
Chunsheng Shi
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University
Naiqin Zhao
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, P.R. China and Collaborative Innovation Centre of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin 300350, P.R. China
Jiamei Wang
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University
Yagang lv
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University
Biao Chen
School of Materials science and Engineering and Tianjin Key Laboratory of composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University
Published January 1, 2018

Abstract

Graphene/metal oxide and sulphide nanocomposites have been widely studied as anode materials for lithium ion batteriesand exhibit excellent electrochemical properties, due to the synergistic effect between graphene and metal oxide andsulfide. Based on the first-principles total energy calculations, it is revealed that interfacial oxygen atoms play an important roleon the interfacial lithium storage of G/TiO2. Surface and interfacial lithium storage via an electrostatic capacitive mechanismcontributes significantly to the electrode capacity. In graphene/metal sulphide nanocomposites, Li adsorption energies atinterfaces are larger than that on the corresponding metal sulphide surfaces with almost no enhancement of the energy barriersfor Li atom diffusion. The enhanced Li adsorption capability at Li2S/G interface contributes to the extra storage capacity ofgraphene/metal sulphide composites. Thereby, a smart composite consisting of sandwich-like nanosheets with uniform [email protected] ultrathin TiO2 nanosheets has been constructed through facile hydrothermal method to enhance the cycling andrate performances of MoS2. In this uniform sandwich-like structure, carbon-coated ultrathin TiO2 is conformably embeddedby MoS2 shells via intimate interfacial contacts, while the carbon coats TiO2 via Ti-O-C bonds. Due to the abundant interfacesin the composites, as well as the high structure stability of TiO2 during charge and discharge cycles, high-performance of thelithium-ion battery anode material is obtained.