Vol. 3 No. 1 (2020)
Review Article

Vestibular Stimulation in Neuropsychiatry

Soza Ried AM
Vest Brain, Neurovestibular Center, Santiago, Chile

Published 2020-01-27

Keywords

  • Vestibular stimulation,
  • Brain asymmetry,
  • Mental disorder,
  • Insular cortex,
  • Vestibular cortex,
  • Hippocampus
  • ...More
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How to Cite

Vestibular Stimulation in Neuropsychiatry. (2020). Annals of Behavioral Neuroscience, 3(1), 245-251. https://doi.org/10.18314/abne.v3i1.1863

Abstract

Neuropsychiatric disorders involve brain areas of self-awareness, affect voluntary attention to stimuli, and show cognitive processes’ dysfunctions. Functional images demonstrated that the stimulation of the inner ear’s vestibular receptors enhances the activity of the insular cortex, prefrontal cortex, hypothalamus and hippocampus, improving self-perception, attention, reasoning, and memory. Vestibular stimulation techniques (e.g., caloric, galvanic, and rotary) modulates those neuronal centers at the right or the left hemisphere depending on the kind of the stimuli and the side of stimulation, being a potentially useful therapeutic tool for mental disorders. Neuropsychiatric conditions are currently the leading cause of global disability. The present article reviews vestibular stimulation techniques in neuropsychiatry and discusses future directions.