Effect of Progressive Resistance Training along with Aerobic Training on Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

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Gopal S Nambi
Shanmugananth E S

Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood glucose. About 220 million people
have Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in the world today.
Objective: To find out the effect of progressive resistance training along with aerobic exercise on glycemic control
in type 2 diabetes.
Methods: 30 participants, who fulfilled selection criteria, were included in the study and they were randomly divided
in two groups. Group A (n=15) performed the aerobic training and Group B (n=15) performed progressive resisted
training along with aerobic training. Both groups were trained eight weeks of treatment consisting of five sessions
weekly. HbA1c, BMI and SF 36 score were measured at baseline and posttest. Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used
for the comparison between the pre and posttest values within the group and Mann Whitney U test was used for
comparison between the pre and posttest values of the two groups.
Results: There is significant reduction in the HbA1c and improvement in BMI and SF 36 score (p< 0.05) in both the
groups but group B shows more significant difference than group A.
Conclusion: The result of present study indicates that progressive resisted training along with aerobic training is
effective on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.

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Section
Research Article