Effect of Progressive Resistance Training along with Aerobic Training on Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

  • Gopal S Nambi Dept of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
  • Shanmugananth E S Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood glucose. About 220 million people have Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in the world today.
Objective: To find out the effect of progressive resistance training along with aerobic exercise on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.
Methods: 30 participants, who fulfilled selection criteria, were included in the study and they were randomly divided in two groups. Group A (n=15) performed the aerobic training and Group B (n=15) performed progressive resisted training along with aerobic training. Both groups were trained eight weeks of treatment consisting of five sessions weekly. HbA1c, BMI and SF 36 score were measured at baseline and posttest. Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used for the comparison between the pre and posttest values within the group and Mann Whitney U test was used for comparison between the pre and posttest values of the two groups.
Results: There is significant reduction in the HbA1c and improvement in BMI and SF 36 score (p< 0.05) in both the groups but group B shows more significant difference than group A.
Conclusion: The result of present study indicates that progressive resisted training along with aerobic training is effective on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.

Published
2018-04-02
Section
Research Article