Poster Chemical modification on dental orthodontic wire for suppression of metal ions elution

  • Shigeaki ABE Division of Biomaterials and Bioengeering, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University
  • Satoshi TSUCHIYA Division of Biomaterials and Bioengeering, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University
  • Yasuhiro YOSHIDA Division of Biomaterials and Bioengeering, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University
  • Junichiro IIDA Division of Biomaterials and Bioengeering, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University

Abstract

In biomedical fields, it is one of the most important to ensure their biocompatibility. Though stainless steel is a useful materialin industrial and medical fields, some metal ions can be eluted on their surface. The ion elution such as Cr, Ni and Pb etc.have a potent of inducing a metal allergy. Therefore, the elution should be prevented for reduce the risk and improve theirbiocompatibility in medical applications, especially.In this study, we prepared surface-coated stainless steel dental orthodontic wire and assessed their inhibition ability of Crand Ni ion elution. For surface modification on the stainless, two types of chemical modifications were carried out. One isan electropolymerization of pyrrole on the surface. By the polymerization, the substrate was coated by a black thin film. Theother is self-assemble monolayer formation using amphiphilic phosphate with a long alkyl chain. According to contact anglemeasurement on the surface, the water repellent film formation was confirmed. The obtained surface modified wires wereimmersed into several aqueous solutions, such as acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid etc. for 1 week at 37 C. After the incubation,eluted metal ions in supernatant were analyzed using ICP-AES. These chemical modification can suppress the ion elutioneffectively. This result suggests that the simple surface modification can reduce elution of metal ions and then be expected todecrease the risk of metal allergy in medical fields.

Abstract

In biomedical fields, it is one of the most important to ensure their biocompatibility. Though stainless steel is a useful materialin industrial and medical fields, some metal ions can be eluted on their surface. The ion elution such as Cr, Ni and Pb etc.have a potent of inducing a metal allergy. Therefore, the elution should be prevented for reduce the risk and improve theirbiocompatibility in medical applications, especially.In this study, we prepared surface-coated stainless steel dental orthodontic wire and assessed their inhibition ability of Crand Ni ion elution. For surface modification on the stainless, two types of chemical modifications were carried out. One isan electropolymerization of pyrrole on the surface. By the polymerization, the substrate was coated by a black thin film. Theother is self-assemble monolayer formation using amphiphilic phosphate with a long alkyl chain. According to contact anglemeasurement on the surface, the water repellent film formation was confirmed. The obtained surface modified wires wereimmersed into several aqueous solutions, such as acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid etc. for 1 week at 37 C. After the incubation,eluted metal ions in supernatant were analyzed using ICP-AES. These chemical modification can suppress the ion elutioneffectively. This result suggests that the simple surface modification can reduce elution of metal ions and then be expected todecrease the risk of metal allergy in medical fields.

Published
2018-01-01