Subthreshold Diode Micropulse (SDM) laser is a relatively new treatment modality that confers very little to no anatomical risk to the retina. However, its efficacy is still being studied, and the scenario where SDM is most useful is still being elucidated. This paper reviews articles from 1997 to 2017 and reviews the settings, results, and outcomes of SDM in various clinical settings including diabetic macular edema, branch retinal vein occlusion, central serous Chorioretinopathy, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration.